The first signs of pregnancy before a monthly delay will help you to know that the fetus has already appeared inside you.
In this article we will talk about the first signs of pregnancy before the delay of menstruation. To distinguish them from the usual ailments is not always easy, so they should be considered only in the aggregate.
Already in the first days of pregnancy, the body begins an active restructuring, in preparation for carrying a baby
The starting point of fetal development in obstetrics is the date of the last menstruation. However, in fact, fertilization occurs 2 weeks later in the ovulation period - the maturation of the egg and its release from the ovary. Up to this point, the occurrence of pregnancy is impossible. Even if the conception occurs a little earlier or later than the usual period of ovulation, only a fully mature egg can be fertilized.
Some women may feel the moment of ovulation. At this time, they note a slight pain in the area of the appendages, which lasts a short period of time, and then abruptly ends.
Conception occurs during the fusion of a sperm cell with such a ripe egg cell and the formation of a zygote, a single-cell stage of the future embryo. Within a day, it begins intensive division, with each new cell being formed on the basis of the combined maternal and paternal chromosomes.
Tip! The term of ovulation for each woman may be different. So, with a monthly cycle of 28 days, it comes on day 14, but if the period between them is 32 days, then ovulation occurs on about the 18th day of the cycle.
There are a number of signs that indicate pregnancy has begun. However, in some women, no symptoms are observed until the time of menstruation.
But if the monthly go irregularly, to calculate its term becomes problematic. In this case, use the method of basal temperature, which we will describe later.
First signs of pregnancy
Already in its first days, the body begins an active restructuring, in preparation for carrying a baby. So the first signs of pregnancy can manifest as:
- small secretions of yellowish-brown color, similar to the beginning of menstruation;
- change in basal (lowest, characteristic for sleep or rest) temperature;
- an increase in breast sensitivity;
- lower back pain;
- "fullness" of the abdomen, resulting from an increase in blood flow to
- bowel disorder;
- malaise, fatigue;
- restless sleep;
Headache and sensitivity to weather changes - one of the possible signals of pregnancy
- change in taste;
- aversion to some odors;
- severe sleepiness;
- throwing it into heat or cold;
- frequent urination;
- increased salivation;
- a change in sexual attraction.
Tip! In some women, these signs may be erased and practically not felt. But if there are at least some of the above symptoms, it is better to do a pregnancy test.
How to determine pregnancy with tests
The most reliable sign of conception at an early stage is the determination of the amount of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) that appeared in the urine. Its increase in blood occurs within a few days, but in the urine it can be detected only after 7-8 days from the moment of conception. Therefore, to test for the presence of this hormone before this period does not make sense.
The principle of pregnancy tests, implemented in pharmacies, is based on the reaction of hCG. In the laboratory, use a more complex (and more accurate) method: the study of a specific fraction of this hormone.
Tip!In some cases, a fertilized egg reaches the uterus with a delay of several days. Therefore, if the first pregnancy test gave a negative result, but the signs described above are still present, it is better to wait a few days and retest again.
The most reliable sign of conception at an early stage is the determination of the amount of hCG that appeared in the urine.
To explain the cause of bleeding at an early stage of fetal development, we turn to the physiology of the process of pregnancy:
- a fertilized egg does not enter the uterus immediately; the fallopian tubes propel it from the oviduct only for 6-12 days;
- for several more days, the embryo is in the "uterus" in free swimming, and only then it is attached to its wall;
- the moment of attachment may be accompanied by bloody spotting; it is called implantational and is referred to as the early symptoms of the onset of conception.
Spotting in a small amount during this period is considered normal, and you should not worry about this (unless, of course, the bleeding is not too heavy). Their occurrence is considered in gynecology one of the very first signs of pregnancy before a menstrual delay.
Tip! Excessive bleeding may indicate a miscarriage. It can be dangerous, so if it appears, you should immediately see a doctor.
Basal Temperature Measurement
As with any hormonal changes, the basal temperature is capable of changing, in gynecology it is used to determine the timing of ovulation and the moment of the onset of pregnancy.
Since for any hormonal changes the basal temperature is capable of changing, in gynecology it is used to determine the timing of ovulation and the moment of the onset of pregnancy.
As we have said, the most favorable time for conception are the days of ovulation. The day before its onset, the temperature drops to 0.3 C. At the time of ovulation, on the contrary, it rises 0.4-0.5 C above normal and then drops again. If pregnancy occurs at this moment, such a drop does not occur due to the presence of progesterone.
Tip! Basal temperature can be measured orally or vaginally. But more accurate is its measurement in the rectum (rectal method) immediately after a night's sleep.
A characteristic sign of pregnancy in the first days of the delay of menstruation is a change in the sensitivity of the breast due to an increase in progesterone and estrogen:
- The size of the breast at this time, of course, still remains the same, but contact with it can cause trembling and soreness; even the touch of a cloth becomes noticeable;
- sensitivity may be different; with a high level of hormones, touching the breast glands can become quite painful; but in most cases these sensations are comparable to the symptoms of ordinary postmenstrual syndrome;
- another early sign of conception is nipple compaction and a slight increase due to the expansion of the milky ducts; This is due to the activity of hormones.
A characteristic sign of pregnancy in the first days of a delayed menstruation is a change in breast sensitivity due to an increase in progesterone and estrogen.
Tip! If the swollen breast has suddenly lost sensitivity, it can be a bad sign and indicate the death of the fetus. The gradual attenuation of this feature with an increase in the duration of pregnancy is normal.
The feeling of fullness of the abdomen. Increased gas production
Hormonal rearrangement leads to blood flow to the uterus and, as a result, slight swelling of the intestinal walls. His work slows down, which can lead to bloating, gas and constipation.
Slowing of the intestines can also occur due to an increase in the level of progesterone relaxing smooth muscles. This hormone thus protects the uterus from the threat of miscarriage. But unfortunately, such relaxation leads to a decrease in the rate of food progression through the intestines.
Tip! The work of the intestines in the normal mode is always accompanied by a small gas formation, and this is normal. For significant problems with the gastrointestinal tract and increased progesterone secretion during pregnancy, the doctor may prescribe medication to reduce its level.
Changing the taste of food and aversion to smells
Such excessive sensitivity also occurs due to the intensive work of progesterone, which is able to activate the taste and olfactory receptors. Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to get rid of this phenomenon.
Often in the early stages of a woman's taste preferences change.
Some experts argue that the aversion to certain products occurs because the wise body at this time helps the woman to select the food that is necessary for her and her child. However, even the most streamlined system can fail. That is why there are strange whims of women and the desire to inhale unusual odors: gasoline, soap, etc.
Tip! As much as you would like, you should not breathe harmful vapors or taste inedible items. This can seriously affect not only your health, but also the development of the fetus.
Frequent urge to urinate
For many, they appear literally in the very first days of conception, especially at night.
It is connected:
- with a change in hormonal levels, in particular, an increase in the amount of the hormone HCG;
- with an increase in blood volume and, consequently, the acceleration of the kidneys;
- The third cause of this phenomenon is an increase in blood flow to the uterus and a slight compression of the bladder.
Deviations during pregnancy frequent urination are not considered. However, if there are any unpleasant symptoms - burning or cramps - you should consult a doctor.
Deviations during pregnancy frequent urination are not considered
Tip! In order not to get up often at night, you should reduce the amount of fluid taken in a few hours before bedtime. It is not necessary and in the evenings too abuse products with diuretic properties.
Excess progesterone, inhibiting the contractile work of the muscles, can have a negative impact on the general condition of the body. As a rule, this is manifested by a feeling of tiredness and weakness. After all, it can also suppress the work of the central nervous system, which is not the best effect on the state of health.
In addition, due to the rapid growth of the fetus, part of the energy begins to be spent on supplying it with nutrients, therefore, its lack begins to be felt. As a rule, after a good rest, malaise quickly passes.
Frequent nausea and urge to vomit? Do the test
Tip! With proper nutrition and lifestyle, this condition should not be pathological. In the case of a strong deterioration of health should be a full examination.
Strangely enough, headaches can also often be one of the signs of pregnancy. Their cause may be:
- hormonal surges: too rapid restructuring of the body can lead to some imbalance;
- progesterone suppression of the central nervous system;
- a strong feeling of hunger that occurs during pregnancy, can also provoke a headache;
- weather change: the female body becomes more sensitive and can react to fluctuations in air pressure, magnetic storms, etc.
Tip!Severe and prolonged headache may not be associated with pregnancy and be a symptom of a serious disease: glaucoma, sinusitis, kidney disease, brain tumors, etc.
The feeling of fatigue and weakness is typical for early pregnancy
Monthly during pregnancy
Many are wondering if there are signs of pregnancy without a monthly delay? However, the monthly (endometrial rejection in the uterus) with the correct course of pregnancy simply should not be. Some people confuse them with small bleedings that occur during the process of restructuring of the body and an imbalance of hormonal background, which, indeed, are hardly visible in their appearance:
- spotting in the first month is quite acceptable; this is due to the fact that the fertilized egg is still moving towards the uterus, and the hormonal background has not changed yet, so the body works as usual;
- small discharge, and even quite long, lasting for several days, may appear due to a sharp decline in estrogen levels; such moments occur quite often and most often do not threaten the pregnancy itself.
Spotting in the first month is quite acceptable; this is due to the fact that the fertilized egg is still moving towards the uterus, and the hormonal background has not changed yet, so the body works as usual
Cases of simultaneous development of two eggs are rare, but still exist. If this happens, one of them is attached to the walls of the uterus, and the other is rejected, causing slight bleeding.
One of the serious forms of pregnancy complication is its ectopic location, which in the absence of medical care can pose a serious threat to the life of the mother. Excessive bleeding in such cases is rare. However, even in the case of scanty and prolonged discharge, an examination should be carried out immediately.