A homemade move for Phalaenopsis Orchid consists in precisely observing the irrigation regime, illumination and providing the root system with enough light and air
Fans of indoor plants call this tropical beauty a butterfly flower because of the unusual shape of the petals. Care at home for Phalaenopsis orchid is precisely following the irrigation regime, illumination and providing the root system with enough light and air. Phalaenopsis orchid - lady with character. How to curb it, read on.
Fans of indoor plants call this tropical beauty a butterfly flower because of the unusual shape of the petals.
What is the difference between phalaenopsis and other orchid species?
Experts consider this flower the most unpretentious of all epiphytes and often call it "an orchid for beginners." You can learn phalaenopsis on a short stalk up to 70 cm high, an outlet of 4-6 dense, arranged in two rows, leaves and a long, slightly curved peduncle. It is distinguished from other orchids by the complete absence of tuberidias (false bulbs) - oval thickenings on the stems in which plants store water.
Phalaenopsis is equipped with two types of roots:
- supporting, sticking out in different directions, which he naturally clings to the stones and bark of trees;
- air for obtaining moisture directly from the air, on top they are covered with a layer of velamen - a special absorbent fabric having a green tint.
Since the buds with an unobtrusive pleasant aroma bloom at phalaenopsis gradually, the flowering period can last 2-6 months. He has almost no rest period, so the plant is able to bloom 2-3 times a year (usually 2 times in autumn and spring).
Since the buds with unobtrusive pleasant aroma bloom at phalaenopsis gradually, the flowering period can last 2-6 months
Depending on the type of phalaenopsis, the petals can be painted in delicate lilac, pink, light lemon, light green or white. The lip — the medial leaf in the center — is always brighter and has a contrasting scarlet, chocolate, olive green, or dark purple color. He may also be present in the form of strokes on the petals.
Tip! Phalaenopsis hybrids called novelty look very unusual. Since their flower stalks do not die off, but only "hibernate" and then grow back, the orchid is covered with small colored buds all year round. It blooms up to 5 times a year.
Which pot to choose?
Phalaenopsis in nature is capable of growing only on supports, therefore it is necessary for it to provide similar conditions. To support its trunk and facilitate the care of Phalaenopsis orchid at home, you can choose the following types of pots:
- heavy clay capacity is sufficiently stable and is able to easily withstand the severity of the flower, but the soil in it dries faster; in addition, due to the tight fit of the roots to the porous surface during transplantation, in order to avoid their injury, the pot has to be broken; the solution can be containers covered with glaze;
Heavy clay capacity is fairly stable and can easily withstand the severity of the flower, but the soil in it dries faster
- plastic is convenient, easy to clean, and the moisture in it does not evaporate so quickly; if you decide to stay on the plastic container, get a transparent pot, because for the normal development of the roots need light; in this case, you will be able to observe the condition of the roots, the soil and adjust the frequency of irrigation;
- woven bamboo baskets: another good version of the capacity for growing phalaenopsis, because the roots will have enough space for adhesion; when transplanting, they can be easily separated from smooth bamboo trunks.
Plastic is convenient, easy to clean, and the moisture in it does not evaporate so quickly.
Tip! The flower pot should have openings not only in the lower part to remove excess moisture, but also the side walls. By means of such openings the air exchange of the roots is regulated.
Phalaenopsis is a tropical flower, so it can grow and develop only if there is enough moisture. However, it should not be flooded either. To ensure proper care of the orchid phalaenopsis (see photo) at home, you should remember the rule of two "P": first, the earth must "get wet" and then "dry out".
In winter, watering once every 2 weeks is sufficient, in the spring and autumn period once a week, and in summer in 2-3 days. But the frequency of watering depends on the temperature in the room and the level of illumination. Indeed, in cloudy weather, the substrate dries out much slower than on hot sunny days.
The ideal way to water is to immerse the tank with a flower in water for 15 minutes. In winter, this time can be reduced to 5 minutes. So this type of flowers actively "drinks" in the daytime, it is better to water it in the morning. Water that gets on the buds can damage them, so you should act very carefully. Caring for a miniature dwarf orchid at home is similar to the above and has no particular differences.
In winter, watering once every 2 weeks is sufficient, in spring and autumn once a week, and in summer in 2-3 days
A flower that is watered with hard water will eventually become covered with a not particularly aesthetic whitish bloom, so it is better to defend or filter it. To saturate oxygen, a liquid can be poured several times from one container to another. Distillate is also used for watering, however, in this case the missing trace elements are added to it.
Tip! Understanding whether phalaenopsis needs watering is easy. With a shortage of water its roots become light silver.
Phalaenopsis Orchid: Transplant
When you purchase a flower in a store, you can check the date of its nearest transplant with the seller. Most often it is sold in a ready-made substrate consisting of tree bark, which is quite enough for nutrition. Transplantation may be needed only:
- with a strongly expanded root system, when the flower pot becomes close or strong gain of roots to it;
- nutrient deficiency in the substrate;
- plant diseases;
- with improper care at home for phalaenopsis orchid, it may be necessary to reanimate the plant; in most cases, the reason is an overabundance of moisture and root rot.
In order to avoid injury to the roots more than once every 2-3 years, the plant should not be transplanted. This is done only during the period of active root growth in the spring.
In order to avoid injury to the roots more often than once every 2-3 years, the plant should not be transplanted.
Tip! If the substrate on which the plant is planted does not dry out during the week after watering, it means that it is too dense and needs to be urgently replaced. Otherwise, the roots will begin to rot.
Preparing the substrate for planting
Of course, you can purchase the substrate in a flower shop, but if you wish, you can also prepare it yourself. The soil mixture for this plant is preferably prepared from a mixture of pine bark and a small amount of activated carbon. Sphagnum (marsh peat moss) is added only on top in the event that the roots dry out quickly. It is replaced 3 times a year.
When collecting bark, it is more convenient to collect one that has already begun to fall behind the trunk itself. It should not be too dark and contain too much resin. You can get pine bark on any sawmill.
Singed pieces and pieces of wood are carefully cleaned, and the bark itself is carefully crushed to 1-1.5 cm pieces. For these purposes it is most convenient to use a meat grinder with a large grate. Then, to disinfect and remove insects from it, the future substrate is filled with water and boiled for 15 minutes, stirring occasionally. A plant can be transplanted only after the soil mix is completely dry.
The soil mixture for this plant is preferably prepared from a mixture of pine bark and a small amount of activated carbon.
Additional flower feeding is optional. If desired, you can purchase a special fertilizer intended for orchids.
Tip! With a sharp change in the composition of the substrate, the plant can get sick. Therefore, during transplantation, it is necessary to leave part of the old soil (if, of course, it is not infected with anything).
Temperature and light level
For the growth and flowering of phalaenopsis, it is sufficient to maintain an indoor temperature of 18-25 ° C. When it is exceeded above 25 ° C, phalaenopsis will begin to intensively grow foliage, but it will bloom worse. It is desirable that at night it decreases by 4 ° C, otherwise sweet sticky secretions will be formed on the sheets and peduncles, which worsen its appearance. In winter, temperatures can be reduced to a short period of up to + 12 ° C.
Phalaenopsis can actively grow roots and leaves with a sufficient amount of light, therefore windows in a room should face south-west or southeast. But the light must be scattered, otherwise burns will appear on the leaflets. You can try to test empirically where it is better to grow an orchid by alternately moving the pot to different windows.
Phalaenopsis can actively grow roots and leaves with enough light, therefore windows in the room should face south-west or southeast
With a lack of light, phalaenopsis may begin to over-stretch and stop blooming. To create a comfortable environment, he needs to ensure a 12-hour daylight hours, that is, mandatory lighting, especially in the winter period.
Tip! To the flower had the correct form, without bends, the pot is turned 2 times a month by 180 °. But during the period of bud formation, the orchid must be left alone for a while.
With proper care at home, Phalaenopsis Orchid is capable of fast reproduction:
- by dividing the stem: cutting off the upper part of the plant (peduncle with the seizure of the bud) and its rooting; thus, old plants are often rejuvenated; do it about a month after flowering;
- rosettes: it should be at least 6 leaves; cutting sites are treated with charcoal; and the plant is immediately planted in a pot;
- cuttings: for this purpose, 10–15-centimeter cuttings are prepared, having from 2 nodes with buds in the sinuses, laid out over the moist soil (sand or moss) and covered with a film to form roots; Lower cuttings are considered the strongest;
- with the help of "babies" (cakes) formed on the peduncles, in this case they must have sufficiently formed own roots.
Unlike other orchids, the children of phalaenopsis are not on the peduncles, but at the very base, neck, or directly on the substrate. Since they appear infrequently, to stimulate their growth, you can use special hormonal agents that are applied in the locations of sleeping buds.
Unlike other orchids, the children of Phalaenopsis are not on the peduncles, but at the very base, neck or directly on the substrate
Experts practice and the reproduction of this plant seeds. However, at home, it is very difficult to provide them with nutrient medium. After all, for this you need to place them in a special substrate with mold fungi such as mycorrhiza for 3-9 months.
Tip! To stimulate the growth of children, you can try to influence the plants with the help of a temperature difference (at night it should be lower by 5-10 ° C) and the cessation of watering for 10-15 days.
Phalaenopsis Diseases Pest control
When caring for orchid phalaenopsis at home, it is necessary to avoid the appearance of pests: ticks, thrips, whitefly, scale insects or worms. The most dangerous is the worm, which sucking the juice, is able to weaken or even destroy the plant. A sign of its appearance is the presence of white bloom and sticky drops. You should be especially careful in the winter when there is a sharp change in temperature and humidity.
Since insects quickly die at elevated temperatures, when they appear, the orchid can be watered with warm water heated to 45-55 ° C. Helping to cope with them and rubbing the plant with alcohol or soapy water. With the dominance of the pests they are destroyed by imidacloprid, fitoverm, aktar or aktellik.
When taking care of Phalaenopsis orchid at home, it is necessary to avoid the appearance of pests: ticks, thrips, whitefly, scale insects or worms.
Diseases of orchid felenopsis are associated with improper care for her at home:
- anthracnose: the presence of dark round spots with pink bloom, arising from an excess of moisture or water retention in the axils of the leaves; at the beginning of the disease, spoiled leaves are removed, and cut sites are treated with iodine, in advanced cases, Skor, Ritomil or Mikasan are used;
- powdery mildew: another dangerous fungal infection that can kill a shrub; outwardly, it looks like a purine-whitish bloom on foliage; You can get rid of it by timely spraying with Skor or colloidal sulfur;
- rust: occurs infrequently mainly in weakened plants, leaves with fungal spores are removed, sections are treated with alcohol, and the plant itself is sprayed with Ritomil, Spore or Mikasan;
Diseases of orchid felenopsis are associated with improper care for her at home
- black or black fungi (black foliage); for the destruction of the fungus applied foundazolibo benlat;
- leaf rot: a fairly common disease that occurs when there is an excess of moisture; in case of its occurrence, the plant is sprayed with any fungicide.